Radiation unit for industrial sterilization and conservation of food

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The Radiation unit, Gamma sterilization facility in Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences is one of over 200 gamma irradiators operating worldwide. Gamma irradiation is used for a variety of products: syringes, surgical gloves, gowns, masks, sticking plasters, dressings, ‘tetrapacks’, bottle teats for premature babies, artificial joints, food packaging, raw materials for pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, and even wine corks are gamma sterilized. The gamma sterilization process in Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences uses Cobalt 60 radiation to kill microorganisms on a variety of different products. Processing with gamma rays yields quick turnaround time, easily penetrating packaging and product and is cost-effective.

Food irradiation

Food irradiation is a food safety technology for controlling spoilage and eliminating food-borne pathogens, such as salmonella, E. Coli, campylobacter, etc. The effect is similar to traditional pasteurization and is often called "cold pasteurization" or "irradiation pasteurization." Like pasteurization, irradiation kills bacteria and other pathogens that could otherwise result in spoilage or food poisoning. The fundamental difference between the two methods is the source of the energy they rely on to kill the microbes.

Cosmetics, Ingredients, Applicators

 Often formulated from a blend of natural and chemical components, health and beauty aids (HBAs) may become contaminated, resulting in rashes, infection and irritation for the consumer. The use of irradiation to control microorganisms and pests in HBA ingredients and applicators may be an effective choice.

Radiation Aging and Radiation Hardness Testing

Radiation unit offers irradiation services for radiation aging testing for a wide range of nuclear reactor, space, and military components, including polymers, paints and coatings, wire and cable insulation and solar panels. Highest quality is assured by 50 researchers and sophisticated testing equipment. We assist you with expert advice on the irradiation for your radiation aging tests and be assured the resulting irradiation will be performed to your specifications.




October 01, 2015

The project is mainly addressing the topic of preservation of paper documents in the field of archival services and library collections. Preservation of written information is a sustained and endless effort started in the last century. If some quantities of information were already converted or generated in electronic format, still extremely large quantity of paper information are institutionally kept in archives, libraries and museums. Because of its degradable nature, paper is difficult to be preserved.

May 01, 2015

The use of condiments and spices in the food industry is an area where the quality of the raw material is a constant concern.Since these products are of agricultural origin, they are consistently associated with a high microbial load originated in particular from soil and handling. This microbial load can then result in a rapid spoilage of the foods they are supposed to enhance. 

Decontamination of condiments and spices with steam or with chemical fumigants such as ethylene oxide (EtO) are already in use. The heat treatment is particularly sensitive in the processing of herbs and spices as some volatile components can be lost, compromising the main characteristics of this type of product and under which lies their greatest commercial value.

One technology that has shown an increasing application is irradiation, a physical non-thermal process, which in addition to significantly reducing microbial load, is a simple, modern, and clean method authorized in several countries, including in Europe (Directive 1999/2/EC).


December 31, 2013

Introducing and Harmonizing Standardized Quality Control Procedures for Radiation Technologies

To introduce and harmonise standardised quality control procedures in radiation processing of advanced materials, health care- and environmentally-friendly products


December 31, 2011

Introducing and Harmonizing Standardized Quality Control Procedures for Radiation Technologies

To implement relevant European (EN), American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards at the regional level for enhancing quality control procedures and establishing a network of laboratories.


December 31, 2008

Enhancing Quality Control Methods and Procedures for Radiation Technology

To enhance European Member State application of standardized quality control methods and procedures for radiation processing of human health products and advanced materials, and to promote the contributions of nuclear technology on human health and environmental protection.


December 31, 2002

IAEA - Improvement of Process Control and Safe Disposal of Spent Radiation Source Elements 

Objective of the project is to level up the organization of the work and functioning of the Unit to the contemporary standards as well as the upgrade whole technology. That means not only the upgrading of irradiation technology for single use medical equipment, but also bringing to the safety of spent cobalt sources.


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+381 11 3408 449


Radiation unit for industrial sterilization and conservation of food


PO Box 522

11001 Belgrade, Serbia


Regional Training Course on safe operation of gamma and ebeam facilities for radiation processing 

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in collaboration with the Government of Serbia through the Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences

Belgrade, Serbia   26-30 June 2017


The purpose of the workshop is to enhance and exchange knowledge and experience on recent approaches for safe operation of gamma and e-beam facilities for radiation processing (for operators, radiation safety officers).

The workshop will consist of presentations and group exercises covering topics related to new approaches for safe operation of gamma and e-beam facilities for radiation processing.

The workshop is open to 30 participants from Member States in the TC Europe Region involved in the regional TC project RER/1/017. For this event, the target countries are those where radiation processing technologies are established or soon to be introduced.


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